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The Chihuahua!

The Chihuahua is one of the worlds most awesome breeds.  Being naturally the smallest dog in the world he holds a special place in our hearts!
 

Chihuahua's are very intellegent and resourseful dogs.  This allows them to be excellent learners and easily trained.
 
Chihuahua's are vocal and spunky.  This allows them to be excellent watch dogs.  They also have the misconseption that they are a big dog!  They have the courage of a pit bull, just no size to back them up.  This little guy does not realize this.  They will NOT back down, no matter how large and scarry the foe!
 
One should take care and monitor the activity level of these little guys because they are susceptible to hypoglycemia, a low glucose (sugar) blood level.  (SEE HYPOGLYCEMIA)
 
Living with a Chihuahua is a wonderful experiance.  Just make sure that you keep your little friend in your house with you.  Chihuahua's are not able to withstand extreme temps.  They are most comfortable 65-85 F.
 
The Chihuahua is the longest lived dog in the world,whos average lifespan is 13 years.  They have been known to live to 20 with proper diet and TLC.
 
 
 
 
 
 

THE AKC CHIHUAHUA STANDARD
 
Toy Group

General Appearance
A graceful, alert, swift-moving little dog with saucy expression, compact, and with terrier-like qualities of temperament.

Size, Proportion, Substance
Weight - A well balanced little dog not to exceed 6 pounds. Proportion - The body is off-square; hence, slightly longer when measured from point of shoulder to point of buttocks, than height at the withers. Somewhat shorter bodies are preferred in males. Disqualification - Any dog over 6 pounds in weight.

Head
A well rounded "apple dome" skull, with or without molera. Expression - Saucy. Eyes - Full, but not protruding, balanced, set well apart-luminous dark or luminous ruby. (Light eyes in blond or white-colored dogs permissible.) Ears - Large, erect type ears, held more upright when alert, but flaring to the sides at a 45 degree angle when in repose, giving breadth between the ears. Muzzle - Moderately short, slightly pointed. Cheeks and jaws lean. Nose - Self-colored in blond types, or black. In moles, blues, and chocolates, they are self-colored. In blond types, pink nose permissible. Bite - Level or scissors. Overshot or undershot bite, or any distortion of the bite or jaw, should be penalized as a serious fault. Disqualifications - Broken down or cropped ears.

Chihuahua (Long Coat) Neck, Topline, Body
Neck - Slightly arched, gracefully sloping into lean shoulders. Topline - Level. Body - Ribs rounded and well sprung (but not too much "barrel-shaped"). Tail - Moderately long, carried sickle either up or out, or in a loop over the back, with tip just touching the back. (Never tucked between legs.) Disqualifications - Cropped tail, bobtail.

Forequarters
Shoulders - Lean, sloping into a slightly broadening support above straight forelegs that set well under, giving a free play at the elbows. Shoulders should be well up, giving balance and soundness, sloping into a level back. (Never down or low.) This gives a chestiness, and strength of forequarters, yet not of the "Bulldog" chest. Feet - A small, dainty foot with toes well split up but not spread, pads cushioned. (Neither the hare nor the cat foot.) Pasterns - Fine.

Hindquarters

Muscular, with hocks well apart, neither out nor in, well let down, firm and sturdy. The feet are as in front.

Coat
In the Smooth Coats, the coat should be of soft texture, close and glossy. (Heavier coats with undercoats permissible.) Coat placed well over body with ruff on neck preferred, and more scanty on head and ears. Hair on tail preferred furry. In Long Coats, the coat should be of a soft texture, either flat or slightly curly, with undercoat preferred. Ears - Fringed. (Heavily fringed ears may be tipped slightly if due to the fringes and not to weak ear leather, never down.) Tail - Full and long (as a plume). Feathering on feet and legs, pants on hind legs and large ruff on the neck desired and preferred. Disqualification - In Long Coats, too thin coat that resembles bareness.

Color
Any color-Solid, marked or splashed.

Gait
The Chihuahua should move swiftly with a firm, sturdy action, with good reach in front equal to the drive from the rear. From the rear, the hocks remain parallel to each other, and the foot fall of the rear legs follows directly behind that of the forelegs. The legs, both front and rear, will tend to converge slightly toward a central line of gravity as speed increases. The side view shows good, strong drive in the rear and plenty of reach in the front, with head carried high. The topline should remain firm and the backline level as the dog moves.

Temperament
Alert, with terrier-like qualities.

Disqualifications
Any dog over 6 pounds in weight.
Broken down or cropped ears.
Cropped tail, bobtail.
In Long Coats, too thin coat that resembles bareness.


Approved September 11, 1990
Effective October 30, 1990
 
 
 

THE APRI CHIHUAHUA STANDARD
 

GROUP: Toy

 

WEIGHT: Must not exceed six pounds.

 

SIZE: In proportion to weight.

 

COAT: The Chihuahua has two varieties of coat, and each variety may be single or double coated. If an undercoat is present, it is soft, dense, and close fitting.

Smooth Coat: The outer coat is soft, glossy, and close fitting; coat placed well over the body with ruff on neck preferred, and less dense on head and ears; furry hair on tail preferred; if undercoat is absent, the ears, throat, and abdomen have little or no hair, and tail is less furry than in double coat. Faults: Coat so short that hairs cannot be easily lifted; short hair on tail giving “rat-like” appearance.

Long Coat: Soft outer coat lying either flat or slightly curly; undercoat preferred. Fringed ears; plumed, full and long tail; feathering on feet and legs, pants on hind legs and large ruff on neck preferred. Fault: Excessive hair that stands away from the body like a Pomeranian. Disqualification: Too thin coat resembling bareness in long coat varieties.

 

COLOR: All colors. Any color including solid colors, sable, brindle, or splashed with spots of color on solid background.

 

                                         STANDARD:

Head: Rounded, “apple-dome” skull.

 

Muzzle: Moderately short, slightly pointed muzzle; viewed from the side, the bridge of the muzzle forms a right angle to the line of the forehead.

 

Eyes: Set wide apart; large and full but not protruding; color varies with coat color, ranging from dark brown to ruby-red with light greenish or lemon-yellow permitted in blond and white-colored dogs.

 

Ears: Large and erect, held more upright when alert, but flaring to the sides at a 45 degree angle when at rest; longhaired varieties with heavy fringing on the ears may have ears droop slightly as a result of the weight without penalty.

Disqualifications: Drop ears after six months of age; cropped ears.

 

Nose: Color varies with coat color; acceptable colors include black, brown, beige, reddish-beige, with pink nose permissible in blond types.

 

Bite: Level or scissors. Serious faults: Overshot or undershot bite; any distortion of the bite or jaw.

 

Neck: Medium length, slender, and slightly arched, blending smoothly into the shoulders.

 

Chest: Deep, but not barrel shaped. Ribs are well sprung.

 

Body: Back is level, straight, and as short as possible, but slightly longer than tall.

 

Legs: Forelegs are straight, fine, and set well under the body; shoulders are flat and well laid back; elbows close to body; upper arm and the scapula from an apparent 90 degree angle, with the upper arm almost as long as the scapula. Hind legs are positioned well under the body, with bent hocks; muscular, with angulation in balance with that of the forequarters; when standing, the short rear pasterns are perpendicular to the ground.

 

Feet: Small, with soft pads and toes separated, but not spread; neither hare nor cat foot.

 

Tail: Long, full and plumed, carried upward, low, or curled over back, but never tucked.

 

Movement: Smooth flowing gait, with graceful movements; viewed from the rear, the hocks remain parallel to each other with rear feet following directly behind that of the front. Faults: Short, choppy movement; rolling or high-stepping gait; close or overly wide movement.

 

Temperament: Alert, active, with plenty of self-confidence; courageous.

 

Disqualifications:

Viciousness or extreme shyness.

Over six pounds in weight.

Cropped ears; broken down ears.

Drop ears after six months of age.

Docked tail, bobtail.

Long coats too thin.

Albinism.

HEALTH PROBLEMS
 
These are the problems common in the Chihuahua.
 
There are multiple eye disorders which occur in these little guys. 
 
Corneal distrophy is the pitting of the corneal surface.
Entropion is when the eyelid rolls inward.
Glaucoma is when there is an increased of pressure inside the eye causing problems with the optical nurve.
Iris Atrophy usually related to age, is when the iris begins to shrink and weaken.
Keratitis Sicca or Dry Eye Syndrome is when the eye doesnt produce enough tears.
Lens Luxation is when the Lens of the eye breaks loose and becomes free.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) is when the retina begins to degenerate.  First affected are the rods, effecting night vision.  Finally the cones are affected resulting in blindness.
 
There are a couple of heart defects which should be mentioned.  THey are Mitral Valve defect which is when there is an abnormality in the midral valve which controls the flow of blood from the left atrium to the left ventrical.  The other is Pulmonic Stenosis.  It is when the flow of blood is obstructed near the pulmonic valve which sits between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery.
 
There are two clotting factor diseases in Chihuahua's they are Hemophilia A (or Factor VII defieciancy) and von Willebrandt disease.  These both are very serious and can result in death.
 
The chihuahua also certain joint and bone problems.  One is called patella luxation.  The patella's (knee cap) normal placement allows it to slide up and down.  With Patella Luxation the patella slides left to right and sometimes it will pop out of its medial possition within the joint, causing pain and lameness.
Another problem is called Osteochondritis Dissecans.  This problem is caused by a lack of blood supply.  The articulated bone and cartilage separated at the joint.
Cleft palate is a malformation of the roof of the mouth.  The roof doesnot form and results in the nasal cavity being open into the mouth.
Hypoplasia of Dens is an incomplete formation of the second cervical vertebra, causing subluxation pain and paralysis.
 
The other two disorders which Chihuahua's may be inflicted by are Hydrocephalus and Hypoglycemia.  Hydrocephalus is when there is more cerebrospinal fluid than what there should be, this puts undue pressure onto the brain.  This disorder is very severe.  The puppy usually will die from this without veterinary intervention.  Even with veterinary intervention the puppy may experiance brain damage because of the pressure put onto the brain.  Hypoglycemia is a blood disorder which effects chihuahua's the most.  It is from the blood sugar level in the puppy becoming to low.  It can cause seizures and death.  The best way to avoid Hypoglycemia is to closely monitor the nutricianal intake of the puppy.  If necessary use Nutri-Cal, or something simular.
 
The best way to avoid these disorders is to research the bloodline of the puppy you are looking at before you purchase her.  Only buy a puppy from a reputable breeder. 
 

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My Pick and Place Policy:
 
     You pick out a puppy,  I happily place her into your loving arms!  Once she is home with you I would like to be notified that she is doing well in her new home.  Then please keep in contact with me and let me know how she is doing in your home, how she is growing and developing.  The more pictures the better!!!   Let me know within 24 hours if anything should change!